On November 27 both, the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and its president since 1962 Borys Paton, celebrate their 100th anniversaries.
The initiative to create the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Ukraine came from the Ukrainian Science Society in April 1917, eight months before the beginning of the Soviet-Ukrainian War. However, it was finally materialized during the time of the Ukrainian State, when on the proposal of the Minister of Education and Arts a special commission was formed to compose a legal document for the creation of the Academy, this document was signed and approved on 14 November 1918.
The name of the Academy was changed four times. In 1918-1921 it was named the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (UAN), from 1921 to 1936 - the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (VUAN), in 1936-1991 - the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, from 1991 to 1993 - the Academy of Sciences Ukraine, and since 1994 - the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences was the oldest of the republican academies during the existence of the USSR. In the first year of its activities, it consisted of three scientific departments - history, philology, physics, mathematics and social sciences, which included 3 institutes, 15 commissions and a national library.
Now the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is a self-governing state-funded organization in Ukraine that coordinates a system of research institutes in the country. It is the main research-oriented organization along with the five other academies specialized in various scientific disciplines. NAS Ukraine consists of 3 sections, 14 branches, about 170 institutes and other scientific institutions, in which more than 15,000 scientists work.