The Declaration on State Sovereignty of Ukraine was adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR on 16 July 1990. This day is marked annually as the Day of Proclamation of Ukraine's Independence.
The Supreme Soviet of Ukraine SSR, voicing the will of the people of Ukraine, seeking to create a democratic society, proceeding from the need to fully secure human rights and freedoms, respecting the national rights of all the peoples, concerned for the sound political, economic, social and spiritual development of the people of Ukraine, recognizing the necessity of building a state founded on law, proclaims the state sovereignty of Ukraine as regards precedence, independence, and indivisibility of the absolute power of the republic within the boundaries of her territory as well as the independence and equality of her rights in foreign relations.
Ukraine as a sovereign state shall develop within her existing borders on the basis of the exercise by the Ukrainian nation of its inalieble right to self-determination.
The sovereignty of the people of Ukraine shall be exercised on the basis of the Constitution of Ukraine both directly and through peoples deputies, elected to the Supreme and local Soviets of the State.
State power in the state will be exercised on the principle of its division into legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Ukraine will ensure the equality of all citizens of the state before the law irrespective of their origin, social and property status, race and nationality, sex, education, language, political views, religious convictions, occupation, place of residence, and other circumstances. It will protect and defend the interests of its citizens beyond the borders of the state.
The people of Ukraine will have the exclusive right to own, use and administer Ukraine's national wealth. Ukraine will provide for the ecological security of citizens of the gene pool of its people, and its young generation.
Ukraine will have the right to its own armed forces. Citizens of Ukraine will serve, as a rule on its territory and may not be used for military purpose beyond its borders without the sanction of the Supreme Soviet of Ukraine. Ukraine will maintain direct relations with other states, conclude with them agreements and participate in the activities of international organizations.
The Declaration was the forerunner to the Act of Declaration of Ukrainian Independence on 24 August 1991, affirmed through a national referendum on 1 December 1991.